Monday, August 24, 2020
Question: For what reason do you think the Wound Management Nurse can't help contradicting betadine-drenched cloth pressing as a dressing decision for Mr Jones' pit wound? Answer: Wound administration includes a fruitful appraisal of the size, profundity and presence of the injury and its compelling treatment (Stevens et al., 2014). This article will concentrate on an injury the executives contextual analysis. Betadine is a disinfectant medication comprised of povidone-iodine used to treat minor skin contaminations and wounds (Ward Sr Corey, 2014). For the situation, Mr. Jones twisted should be dealt with post a careful spearing of a 12*11mm cutaneous boil, shaped because of activity of MRSA microbes. Nonetheless, the medical attendant can't help contradicting the proposal of the specialist for utilizing betadine for wound recuperating. A randomized controlled preliminary directed among 22 subjects tried the results of nectar dressing and povdione-iodine dressings and estimated the recuperating at a time period weeks. 7 subjects demonstrated total recuperating in nectar dressing bunch contrasted with none in the betadine gathering (Gulati et al., 2014). Further, contemplates have demonstrated clashing outcomes that propose that betadine makes poisonous impacts on mucous films and enormous open injuries (Huynh et al., 2014). The harmful impacts of betadine were shown on epithelia HeLa cells an expansion in poisonousness was displayed as upregulation in apoptosis at focuses that were low than the clinical dosages (Sato et al., 2014). Medications like heroin and morphine, among others despite the fact that gives relief from discomfort however they influence the invulnerable framework. People who ingest medications experience the ill effects of inadequate injury conclusion and are exceptionally helpless to contamination. Heroin dependent patients experience the ill effects of contaminated non-healin wounds. Immunosuppression postpones the enlistment of safe cells and further deferring wound conclusion and bacterial leeway (Abavare, 2012). Unhealthiness causes metabolic modifications that influence wound mending. Nutrient C and An are required for collagen union and epitheliazation, while zinc is fundamental for cell mitosis and expansion (Deer Stewart, 2016). Along these lines, from the above confirmations it very well may be reasoned that the medical attendant has shown a decent conduct in not holding fast to the directions of utilizing betadine for wound recuperating attributable to its harmful impacts on tissues. References Abavare, L., Abavare, C. (2012). Wound botulism coming about because of heroin misuse: would you be able to perceive it?.Journal of Emergency Nursing,38(3), 301-303. Deer, T. R., Stewart, C. D. (2016). Wound recuperating. InAtlas of Implantable Therapies for Pain Management(pp. 89-92). Springer New York. Gulati, S., Qureshi, A., Srivastava, A., Kataria, K., Kumar, P., Ji, A. B. (2014). An imminent randomized investigation to think about the viability of nectar dressing versus povidone iodine dressing in interminable injury healing.Indian Journal of Surgery,76(3), 193-198. Huynh, E., Tran, P., Pham, P., Hamood, A., Mitchell, K., Reid, T. W. (2014). 5% Betadine arrangement in not powerful in repressing the development of various Gram Negative and Gram Positive Pathogens in vitro.Investigative Ophthalmology Visual Science,55(13), 5787-5787. Liu, J. X., Werner, J. A., Buza III, J. A., Kirsch, T., Zuckerman, J. D., Virk, M. S. (2017). Povidone-iodine arrangements restrain cell movement and endurance of osteoblasts, fibroblasts, and myoblasts.Spine. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002224 Sato, S., Miyake, M., Hazama, An., Omori, K. (2014). Povidone-iodine-prompted cell demise in refined human epithelial HeLa cells and rodent oral mucosal tissue.Drug and synthetic toxicology,37(3), 268-275. Stevens, D. L., Bisno, A. L., Chambers, H. F., Dellinger, E. P., Goldstein, E. J., Gorbach, S. L., ... Swim, J. C. (2014). Practice rules for the determination and the board of skin and delicate tissue contaminations: 2014 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America.Clinical irresistible diseases,59(2), e10-e52. Ward Sr, W. G., Corey, R. M. (2014). To Wash or Not to Wash: That Is the Question: Commentary on an article by SJ van Meurs, MD, et al.:Selection of an Optimal Antiseptic Solution for Intraoperative Irrigation. An in Vitro Study.JBJS,96(4), e34.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Brian Martin, in Striking a Needle into Science focuses on the job of partisanship, intercession made over the span of investigating a case, its effect working on it study and how it influences the perspectives and assessments of the perusers. Specifically, he made this point by introducing the two sides of the discussion, without making the end himself. Along this paper will be perceived how he contends both for the dismissal and acknowledgment of the hypothesis proposed by Pascal and the alleged distribution of the equivalent. Martin uses the hypothesis of Pascal in outlining this point. Pascal made a tremendous research on the birthplace of HIV (both HIV 1 and HIV 2) and based on the equivalent and of his insight expressed that the infection began from the development of the polio immunization, especially refined through monkeysÃ¢â¬â¢ kidneys. The mass immunization among Africans is said to have begun this all and its spread all through the nations was made conceivable through various methods of move. The result of the said explore anyway was not put in distribution; it was dismissed by logical social orders which is as it should be. Logical diaries declined distribution of any of PascalÃ¢â¬â¢s looks into and examination for various reasons. It tends to be noted anyway that a couple of marketing specialists considered giving it a possibility, taking into account that Pascal made an exhaustive examination focusing on his point clear, all around bolstered by suitable observational proof. Martin had the option to gather data both for and against the distribution of the equivalent. The purpose of the examiner in introducing the case is to pass on the two sides of the contention; the debate being the suitability of the non-distribution of PascalÃ¢â¬â¢s hypothesis by science advocates. In this manner, he assembled proof and defenses which support the non-distribution thereof, acquiring proof by interviews, composed records and such of the individuals who bolster the recommendation. Similarly, he accumulated bits of proof which bolster the view for the distribution of the hypothesis. This is a compelling method of introducing a contextual analysis. It is to be noticed that the examiner never accentuated his own conclusion on the propriety of the non-distribution or the distribution of the equivalent, rather, he gave exactness and supremacy the ratiocination of the advocates of the two sides, indicating the least, if by any stretch of the imagination, any predispositions. While the examiner presents the hypothesis supporting the individual cases of the defenders of the two sides, he has an alternate reason in making the paper. Over the span of the conversation, he underlines however the pertinence, significance and criticalness of being a non fanatic and without mediation in making the paper. In putting forth the defense study, he uses the methods of meetings, correspondence, get-together of composed proof and archives and especially utilizes social associations with get the important data supporting the two suggestions. In supporting his suggestion on non-mediation and his being non-divided, that is, by introducing the two sides of the story, he pushes both the points of interest and drawbacks of the debate. Restricting or supporting one side of the discussion, let say, being a factional over the span of the contextual analysis, Martin opined this may prompt constrained wellsprings of data and along these lines the difficulty of getting a progressively learned supposition and unprejudiced articulations. In addition, along the course of the examination, Martin verifiably expressed that so as to fulfill the reason for which the contextual investigation is composed, the equivalent must be available to all roads of talking about the contentions and permitting further investigations on the issue when appropriate. Prior to continuing to the following subject, it is imperative to note now of the conversation, the distinction on what the expert needs to pass on to the perusing open when all is said in done, and what his point is. Concerning the open who peruses or who will endeavor to peruse his works, he has satisfied the obligation of introducing the debate, that is, regardless of whether the hypothesis of Pascal and everything that underpins thereto, ought to be distributed. The two sides of the debate are introduced by falling back on the ratiocinations and avocations of the defenders of each side. Then again, by being the examiner, he introduced an alternate method of moving toward the paper. At first, he talks about the discussion that he needs to pass on to the understanding open. From that point, he talks about the importance of getting data by falling back on every conceivable mean of doing likewise. He for sure, approaches various wellsprings of data and benefits of all these in thinking of the contextual analysis. His point might not have been comprehended in the perspective of the perusers thinking about that the perusers may comprehend it as stressing and supporting the hypothesis of Pascal, be that as it may, his point as the examiner here is the accentuation of non-partisanship in ready to introduce a contextual investigation that answers the two sides of the discussion. Interlaced with the contextual investigation, Martin talks about the importance and social ramifications of the discussion. Numerous science advocates have rejected the distribution on the hypothesis of Pascal with respect to the starting point of the HIV and how it spreads all through the different nations on the planet, then again, a couple of them have upheld that without a doubt there is a need to impact the distribution of the work. Among the importance and social ramifications of is the clinical mindfulness, wellbeing and security among people groups. Valid, and truly, there has been a require the arrangement of HIV as a stellar ailment. By permitting a distribution of such kind, considering further on the capabilities of Pascal and the broad research he has made on the issue, it opens the chance of permitting a top to bottom and increasingly exhaustive examination of the sources, reasons for the executioner illness to spare existences of the individuals and give adequate cure that is close enough for those beset and a method of anticipation to the remainder of the world. Likewise, MartinÃ¢â¬â¢s move of gathering all bits of proof to help the two recommendations opens the door for additional investigation on the current issue. The spread of the presence of the hypothesis of Pascal and the conversation made by Martin on it stirs the questions and such different inquiries that my have importance on the veracity of the issue. In such manner, science advocates are subsequently allowed the chance to disprove such a broad research made by Pascal. Thusly, more explores will be made, an increasingly broad one basing on further developed innovation and data towards the disclosure and even the fix of HIV today. By distribution, a specialist or researcher at that is allowed the chance to educate general society regarding the results and status of recent developments and their suggestions on society. Similarly, the conversation working on it study made by Martin had opened the doors of investigation of motivation to come in permitting a more critical look on the veracity and honesty of what has been examined by Pascal in his hypothesis. In the way of introducing the contextual analysis, the creator is reflexive in examining point by point his contention. He considers every single imaginable point that might be contended by some who have restricting perspectives on his conversation. In especially, staying alert that his endeavor to disclose to distribute the hypothesis of Pascal would get the two reactions, thankfulness and endorsement, by remembering it for the current contextual investigation, Martin presents the contentions of the individuals who have dismissed the possibility of distribution and moreover the individuals who have affirmed the equivalent. This is an endeavor to counter progress of time potential resistances that advocates on the contention may intervene. From the conversation, it very well may be seen his attention to safeguard all simultaneously the hypothesis of Pascal, which isn't simply because of his amazing capabilities on the current issue yet additionally based on the broad research and information on the creator on the issue; and in like manner the contentions possibly in support of the distribution. This didn't anyway successfully abandon the chance of further examination and research thinking about that each contention especially where social pertinence is high is included. In entirety, the contextual investigation is both an endeavor to distribute what in any case would not have permitted distribution as on account of the hypothesis of Pascal; and simultaneously an endeavor to talk about the significance of having the option to acquire all data conceivable to emphasize the point. The contextual analysis is a blend of logical examination as an issue of substance and as an issue of technique. Martin, as the investigator, emphasizes the two focuses by guaranteeing an intensive conversation on the meaningful part of the logical suggestion of Pascal and on the pertinence of having the option to accumulate data possibly in support of the equivalent. From the contextual investigation, it is seen that Martin had accomplished these two objectives simultaneously by the introduction of clashing contentions on a solitary issue worrying simultaneously the social pertinence of HIV not just in various places in Africa yet all through the world. In the perspective of the perusers, the contextual analysis has a logical pertinence, that is, the revelation of the source of HIV and the ensuing fix of the equivalent (albeit as of late, clinical science specialists have offered a fix of it). Then again, in the perspective of the expert, the contextual investigation comes in two sections, that is, the introduction of the logical significance of the then clinical discussion (which is as of now previously esteemed treatable) and the accentuation of having the option to get all data conceivable to get such data. Being a non-fanatic in reality permits access to the two sides of a story, and as an expert, Martin has recently viably done it!
Thursday, July 23, 2020
How to Write an Expository Essay Modern students have many written assignments to do because this type of tasks helps to evaluate students knowledge of a subject and improve their creative thinking and writing skills. There are many different kinds of compositions, and an expository essay is one of them. What is a expository essay? Expository essay definition says that it is a kind of writing that explains a particular topic to the audience. So, according to the expository essay definition, one can clearly understand that the most important components of good expository essay writing are: A controversial topic to highlight. A concise and defined thesis statement to be explained. These components are necessary if you want to make your explanative composition perfect. Expository Essay Ideas Do you have any difficulties with papersâ creation? Our recommendations will help you to cope with the task easily and quickly. So, here is the enumeration of necessary steps to create the elucidative composition: Select a topic. Donât know how to start an expository essay? As well as each piece of writing, this kind of composition starts from choosing a topic. The subject should be very debatable and narrow enough, and should also be suitable for your assignment given by your professor. So, if you have no ideas what topic to choose, you may apply these two techniques: Brainstorming. Try to improve your creativity by using this method because it can help you practically in each situation. You should think out at least ten topics for your future paper. The more, the better! Then, choose only one, which you like the most. Free writing. It is a kind of continuation of the previous method when you just take a sheet of paper and start writing everything that is coming to your head at this moment. With the help of this very method, you may find some interesting subjects to speak about, and then you may easily blot out the beginning of the text with full, undiluted nonsense. Create a thesis sentence. As you remember, the thesis sentence for this task must be clear and concise. It is the sentence that will clearly define the idea and the subject of the text, the so-called basis of your work that you should explain by suitable arguments and your own point of view. In terms of structure, it is important to give the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph of the paper. Select a method of development. There are several various methods to do the assignment of such kind. They are: Definition. Using this method, you will explain something by giving different definitions connected with the topic. Example. This technique is more persuasive than the first one because here you should show several typical examples of the explained phenomenon. Compare and contrast. This method is the simplest one because it is easier to elucidate some event by comparing it with something else. Cause and effect. This way is similar to the previous one, but you should just show the connection between causes and effects without any comparison. Classification. This way helps to elucidate some events by classifying them into different groups. Process analysis. This is one of the simplest and the most persuasive techniques to use for the explanation of various phenomena. Organize the essay. Dont forget that as well as other tasks, your paper must have the introductory part, the body paragraphs, and the conclusion. You should give your thesis statement in the introduction because, further on, you will give different arguments to explicate your idea. Make topics sentences. Topic sentences will be the bricks for your future body paragraphs. Donât forget that they must directly relate to the thesis statement of your work and support the standpoint. Note down the body. Make the body paragraphs of your composition. Such kind of paper, as well as others, has the five-paragraph structure with one paragraph to introduce the idea, three items to give different arguments, and one to conclude the paper. Dont forget to place the arguments supporting your idea in the right order: from the strongest to the weakest ones. Create the introduction. Sometimes it is very difficult to write the text from the beginning to the end, so it can be better to make body paragraphs first and then, when you will have a clear understanding of the main part of your composition, write the introduction itself. The introduction should contain the thesis statement, introduce the division of main parts of the text, and attract readersâ attention. Make the conclusion. The final part should stress the thesis statement once again and give the summary of your explanation that was proved by various evidence, which was given by you in the main part of the writing piece. Avoid adding any new information in the final part, because it should be clear and precise as well as other parts. So, try to make the last part efficient. Revise the composition. Revision is one of essential parts of the work if you want to have a good mark for the assignment. So, making the revision, you have an excellent opportunity to re-build and modify your composition to make it better. Mind the following points: Does the text have a good structure? Do all paragraphs look like finished pieces of text? Do you use necessary transitions between different parts of the work? Do you avoid going into unnecessary details and losing the focus of the text? Edit the text. Dont forget about another important part of perfect composition creation â" proofreading. Check spelling and comma use throughout the work; it would not go amiss. It is good to do it the next morning after you finish the writing itself, but you should have enough time for it, so dont procrastinate and try to organize the work in order to have a possibility to look through the text with a fresh eye. Mind the format. The layout of the paper itself is also very important if you want to have a good mark. The expository essay format usually meets the requirements of the Modern Language Association (MLA). Thus, mind the following recommendations while typing: Font. You should use 12-point Times New Roman font. Such font is a globally accepted standard of formatting the academic writing works. Margins. Apply one-inch margin for all sides of the document. Alignment. Use alignment at the left margin. To do it, choose the function Align Left. Spaces. The whole text must be typed double-spaced. Be attentive: there must be no extra spaces. Some students have troubles with structure of their texts, others donât know how to start or to finish work on the written assignment, but following our simple tips on expository essay writing, you will be able to create one of the best written tasks you have ever had. As a result, you will never have any difficulties with explanatory textsâ creation. So, do you want to have good marks? Use our recommendations and enjoy your student life!
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Erin Powell Dr. Donald Roy PS 101 September 29, 2012 Martha Nussbaum: Ã¢â¬Å"Not for Profit: Why Democracy Needs the HumanitiesÃ¢â¬ Martha C. Nussbaum is the author of the book, Ã¢â¬Å"Not For Profit: Why Democracy Needs the Humanities. We will write a custom essay sample on Not for Profit or any similar topic only for you Order Now Ã¢â¬ The book begins by drawing the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s attention by explaining the Ã¢â¬Å"Silent Crisis. Ã¢â¬ She describes education in the eyes of the government, and in the eyes of the people. There is a connection made between education and the liberal arts. The title of the book, Ã¢â¬Å"Not For Profit,Ã¢â¬ are three simple words that when put together, have a deep meaning. In this case, Nussbaum is using the phrase to relate to education. The government sees education as a way to further our economic situation. Statistics say that a student that attends college will earn a great deal more than a student that has not attended college. When people earn more money, they usually spend more money. This stimulates our economy, and is the goal of the government. Government aims to use education as a tool to better our economy, yet they continually decrease the amount of money they give to public schools each year. They take out the true classes that give a person their true identity. It seems as if people are slowly becoming uniform, in being that liberal arts are being taken away, and students are left to studying simply the core classes of what they call Ã¢â¬Å"educationÃ¢â¬ . Martha is trying to explain that our education is not for profit! Education is supposed to let people explore different skills and talents. There is a difference between education for profit, and education for citizenship. Education is intended to enhance the lives of the students which receive it. Nussbaum 9). Martha quoted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948, which said: Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t agree more with this quote. This should be the true mean ing and importance of education, not for the greediness of the government to use it for profit. Democracy truly needs the humanities. Liberal arts supplement education in making it better-rounded. Without the arts and humanities, we become the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s puppets, only being used to increase the economy. Liberal arts have been a part of education for quite some time. However, they have never truly been an important part of education according to government standards. What are important to them are the four core subjects: math, science, social studies, and language arts. Martha Nussbaum seems to disagree. To her, the liberal arts are the parts of education that make each student an individual. It gives them their creativity, and it teaches their brains to think critically and analytically, rather than being confined to a box dictated by the core subjects. These ways of thinking are very valuable. They set apart each person, giving them their true identity. Liberal arts teach people to think for themselves. Without them people will rely on the government to do the thinking, and the government will no longer truly represent its people. The Socratic Way defines the way in which students Ã¢â¬Å"think and argue for themselves, rather than defer to tradition and authority,Ã¢â¬Å" and is Ã¢â¬Å"valuable for democracy. (Nussbaum 48). In terms of education this is important because thinking for oneself leads to critical thinking. Critical thinking causes students to also think analytically; therefore they get a better understanding of their material. Democracy is rule of the people. If the people cannot Ã¢â¬Å"think and argue for themselves,Ã¢â¬ then how can they rule their coun try? It would be difficult to choose representatives if the people could not make their own decisions. Also in the business world as well, it would be difficult to get anything accomplished. Tradition and authority have been important in history. However, Nussbaum does not seem to agree with them. When everything just goes by tradition, nothing is being changed. Things just happen the way they have always happened. Authority tends to stay similar as well. This is because people just go with the flow. They tend to not think for themselves, but instead make decisions based on tradition. Martha Nussbaum is a liberal; when things need to be changed, they should be changed, and I completely agree. We cannot live according to tradition, because there might be a critical thinker or two in this world whom can discover a better or more efficient way to do things. If we are to improve at all in our lifetimes, living by tradition is not going to accomplish the goal. In this world there are Americans, Europeans, Australians, Mexicans, etc. However divided, we still affect each other. We borrow, buy, and sell from other countries, as well as become allies or enemies. Martha describes a Ã¢â¬Å"world citizenÃ¢â¬ in her book. This means that despite our geographical and cultural differences, we should put these aside to work together. Ã¢â¬Å"The worldÃ¢â¬â¢s schools, colleges, and universities therefore have the important and urgent task: to cultivate in students the ability to see themselves as members of a heterogeneous nation, and a still more heterogeneous world, and to understand something of the history and character of the diverse groups that inhabit it. Ã¢â¬ (Nussbaum 80. ) The idea of becoming a Ã¢â¬Å"world citizenÃ¢â¬ is wildly idealistic. There are so many people in this world that just cannot accept others. Power is a huge part of it, being that people want to be in charge. Some donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be considered equal; they believe that some people are superior to others. It would take a humungous amount of effort to convince everyone on the planet to become a Ã¢â¬Å"world citizen. Ã¢â¬ Play is important in the lives of all people, but especially children as they begin to develop. Nussbaum talks about play in Chapter 6. It is essential to play in order to understand the value and worth of other people. ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s stories and nursery rhymes cause children to put themselves in the shoes of another person. Therefore they learn that other human beings have feelings also, which helps children with a healthy development. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s this healthy development in which play causes that Nussbaum believes is so important. As children grow into adults, however, they donÃ¢â¬â¢t necessarily Ã¢â¬Å"play. Ã¢â¬ They have Ã¢â¬Å"left behind the world of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s games. Ã¢â¬ (Nussbaum 101). Therefore the arts become important. Whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s music, singing, painting, photography, etc. , the arts put people, fictionally, into the shoes of others. In doing this, people continue to grow in their concern for other human beings. As Martha describes our current situation, democratic education is truly Ã¢â¬Å"on the ropes. Ã¢â¬ Chapter seven talks about why this is true. Our economy is not doing so well. Every day our country goes further and further in debt. Apparently to our government, education is not very important, so they continue to make cut after cut of school funding. When the schools receive less money they have to make cuts on their spending. The humanities are always first to be reduced or eliminated. But when humanities, an important factor of a democratic education, are taken away we are certainly Ã¢â¬Å"on the ropesÃ¢â¬ ! Without the humanities, schools cannot fully give students a democratic education. So what can we do about it? Nussbaum mentioned the alumni of schools. She claimed that some of them will send money or grants to their previous schools to help fund the humanities and liberal arts which they enjoyed having while they were in school. However, this cannot fund all parts of every program. Even in the core-subject classroom, we can encourage critical thinking. However, class sizes would have to be downsized. Schools would have to hire more teachers. Finances would obviously have to come from somewhere. But in decreasing the amount of students in each classroom, it is easier for the teacher to focus on their students rather than primarily on the material. Smaller groups of students also make it easier to have classroom discussions where all students can participate and think outside the box. Humanities and liberal arts are clearly important to Martha Nussbaum. They should be important to everyone, and I wish they were. This world would be a better place if education was taught around the arts, rather than the arts simply being an elective, or being eliminated due to funding cuts. I enjoy being able to think for myself and IÃ¢â¬â¢m sure all people do. Our government is not perfect, and there never will be a perfect government. We canÃ¢â¬â¢t rely on tradition to continue governing this country; we have to make changes in order for the government to best represent the people and to make good decisions. Neither can we submit to the authority, just because itÃ¢â¬â¢s there. If we donÃ¢â¬â¢t agree with something we have to have the audacity to stand up for what we believe in and never give up. Profits shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be the main influence for education, nor should it control how we educate our future generations. Instead we should focus on developing people as individuals, rather than people as money-makers. We all have feelings, and everyone deep down wants to feel important and competent. Simply ignoring our feelings is not an option. Drew Faust says it best, Ã¢â¬Å"Human beings need meaning, understanding, and perspective as well as jobs. The question should not be whether we can afford to believe in such purposes in these times, but whether we can afford not to. Ã¢â¬ (Nussbaum 124). Mistakes are made when we question whether or not to keep humanities in education. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s obvious that democratic education needs the humanities. How to cite Not for Profit, Essay examples
Monday, April 27, 2020
Difference between job evaluation and market pricing approaches in setting pay ranges and the strengths and drawbacks of each approach One of the most common approaches used in determining employee payment within the private sector entails establishing pay ranges (Cushway, 2011, p. 78). According to Mathis and Jackson (2011, p.383), human resource managers should set pay ranges in accordance with the established pay grades. There are various approaches that human resource managers can incorporate in setting pay ranges. Some of the approaches used in setting pay ranges include job evaluation and market pricing. The two approaches differ with regard to the method used in determining the worth of a job.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Job Evaluation, Market Pricing Pay Structures specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Job evaluation approach involves determining the value of job depending on the job content. Thi s means that job evaluation approach entails using internal data. In this approach, an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s human resource manager designs an internal hierarchy of all jobs and sets the pay ranges. According to Jensen, McMullen and Stark ( 2007, p.90), job evaluation takes into consideration a number of factors which include the responsibility, working conditions, effort and skills required to perform a job There are various job evaluation pay systems that a firm can use in setting pay ranges. These include job ranking, job grading, point method and factor comparison. These methods have their benefits and drawbacks. For example, through job grading, a firm is able to deal with internal equity issues. However, this job evaluation approach is limited in that classification of jobs using different grades is subjective. Additionally, the method mainly relies on job titles when setting the pay (Erasmus, Swanepoel, Westhuizen, Schenk Wessels, 2005, p. 358). On the other hand, market pri cing approach or market-based pay entails using labor market data to determine the worth of a particular job. Therefore, this approach involves using external data. In order to use this approach, a firm must identify the relevant labor market which can either be local, regional, national or international. The next step entails obtaining the relevant market pay. Market pricing approach is considered to be an effective and competitive approach of determining pay levels. The benefit of market pricing approach arises from the fact that it emphasizes on a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s external competitiveness. Another benefit of the market pricing approach is that it is not too complicated. However, the approach suffers from a number of drawbacks. One of the drawbacks of this approach is that it is not possible to access reliable market data. Therefore, the approach is only applicable if a firm can access market data related to a number of jobs within a particular job family. In addition, market-based p ay or market pricing approach assumes that all jobs within a particular job title in different firms are identical. The approach also assumes that the pay difference that exists within a particular organization reflects internal equity issues. In addition, the approach cannot be used when determining the pay for some jobs which are unique. For example, it a particular job is unique to a certain organization, it is not possible to get another job to compare it with. This means that it is not possible to access market pay data.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reasons why organizations such as JCPenney are determining pay using job accountabilities and results and not effort and tenure As a result of a comprehensive analysis of the benefits and drawbacks associated with evaluation and market-based pay systems, most organization are considering integrating job content-b ased marketing pricing approach in determining pay. There are a number of reasons that are pushing organizations to adopt pays determined by job accountabilities and results and not by effort and tenure. This approach is effective in that it integrates the best elements of job evaluation and market based pay systems. The approach also enables a firm to reflect the actual value of jobs within the firm. JCPenny which operates within the retail industry adopted job content-based market-pricing approach in order to ensure effective valuation of jobs. Through this approach, organizations are able to ensure that internal promotions are based on job content and not results and longevity of tenure. By integrating this approach, organizations are able to access more accurate market data. This arises from the fact that a thorough analysis of the job contents and job designs affect the market value of a particular job is conducted. Jensen, McMullen and Stark (2007, p.95) are of the opinion tha t this approach enables organization management teams to develop a comprehensive understanding of the job description and the criteria used in determining the value of a particular job. The resultant effect is that organization management teams understand why some jobs are categorized as being big and others small. The approach also provides organizations with a consistent and repeatable methodology that can be used when obtaining market data with regard to non-benchmark roles. As a result of these reasons, most organizations such as JCPenney are considering shifting their pay system from one based on effort and tenure to the new approach that is based on results and job accountabilities (Jensen, McMullen Stark, 2005, p. 95). Formulate your research-based recommendations about whether or not the job evaluation approach is outdated A considerable number of firms in different economies have been using job evaluation approach in determining the worth of their jobs. Currently, most org anizations consider this approach as a job-sizing tool (Beale, n.d, p.1). For example, through the point-based method, it is possible for a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s human resource manager to determine the worth of various job categories in the organization. Job evaluation approach was widely being used by firms within the public sector to determine the value of their jobs. However, firms within the private sector are increasingly integrating the approach in their human resource management strategies. This is a clear indication that the approach is not outdated (Cushway, 2011, p. 78).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Job Evaluation, Market Pricing Pay Structures specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Additionally, the approach is increasingly being considered as an important tool in defending equal pay claims within the private and public sector (Armstrong, Cummins, Hastings Wood, 2005, p. 61). As a result of the versat ile characteristic of the job evaluation approach, organizations in different economic sectors can use it in a number of ways. For example, human resource managers can use the approach to make changes to job contents and to implement organizational and technological changes. Considering the fact that job evaluation approach is based on internal data, a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s management team can use job evaluation approach to compare its pay with those in the external market. The approach can also enable human resource managers to harmonize the employees pay and working condition with their pay spine. Other ways in which organizations can use job evaluation approach entails developing fair and equal pay systems and establishing effective grading structures. According to Beale (n.d, p. 3), there is a new trend that is emerging whereby job evaluation is increasingly being linked with other human resource management processes such as performance management and recruitment. This indicates that jo b evaluation is firmly entrenched in human resource practices. The approach is also being used by individuals in developing their career paths. To ensure effective integration of changes within an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s job content, human resource managers should consider the employees response. This arises from the fact that failure to involve the employees when implementing changes may result into employee resistance. In order to avoid this, it is paramount for HR managers to integrate effective job evaluation. This will aid in the determination of effective remuneration to be given to the employees. The remuneration should be in line with the changes in the job content undertaken. From the above analysis, it is evident that job evaluation approach is not outdated. As one of the human resource management approaches used in determining the value of a particular job, job evaluation is increasingly being utilized as a support mechanism to different human resource management practices. Despite the fact that the approach can be bureaucratic depending on the type of human resource system being used, the approach has proved to be very effective. This is evidenced by the high rate at which it is being utilized by private and public organizations in different economic sectors. Therefore, there is a high probability of increment in the relevance of job evaluation in the future (Beale, n.d, p. 3).Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reference List Armstrong, M., Cummins, A., Hasting, S., Wood, W. (2005). Job evaluation: AÃ guide to achieving equal pay. London: Kogan Page. Beale, S. (n.d). Job evaluation: Outdated bureaucracy or modern HR supportÃ mechanism? Web. Cushway, B. (2011). The employers handbook 2011-12. An essential toÃ employment law. London: Kogan Page. Erasmus, B., et al. (2005). South African human resource management for publicÃ sector. Johannesburg: Juta and Company. Jensen, D., McMullen, T., Stark, M. (2007). The managers guide to rewards:Ã What you need to know to get the best for and from your employees. New York: American Management Association. Mathis, R., Jackson, J. (2011). Human resource management. Mason: Thomson. This research paper on Job Evaluation, Market Pricing Pay Structures was written and submitted by user Annabella Turner to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
Tattoos essays While growing up, my parents always said that tattoos were bad, and they disapproved of them. My dad always told me that his mother told him and his brother never to get tattoos, so they never did. I guess he expected me not to get one because he never did. So I knew early on in life that I would end up disappointing my parents, because I would eventually get a tattoo. Its not that I wanted to disappoint my parents, but I knew that tattoos were going to be a part of my life. The first tattoo that I got, was when I was seventeen, by a friend of mine named Kassy. It is located on the lower right side of my stomach, and the image is a pair of cherries, well sort of. They have normal green stems like cherries do, but where there would be two red balls for the cherries, there are two red skulls. I never really knew why I wanted to get this image tattooed on myself, but it was a new experience and I didnt think it over much. I do not regret getting it though. The second tattoo that I got was also from Kassy when I was seventeen. It is on my upper back, centered from shoulder blade to shoulder blade. This image is of two swallows that are reflecting one another. This is my favorite, though it is yet to be colored in, it is a great work of art. When I do get this one colored, the body of the birds are going to be a dark blue that fades to white in the center, and the wings are going to be a teal blue, that fade to white. Then, it will be my prettiest work of art that I designed, imprinted in my skin forever. There is one thing that I have learned from getting tattoos, It is that you should really wait until you are about twenty years or older to get one. Just because of the fact that people tend to change their mind about images that they want on their body for the rest of their life. I have three other ideas for tattoos that I want for my self. The first is a clover, a horseshoe, and the word lucky on the ...
Monday, March 2, 2020
Get 10 Facts About the Element Sodium Sodium is an abundant element thats essential for human nutrition and important for many chemical processes. Here are 10 facts about sodium. Sodium is a silvery-white metal belonging to Group 1 of the Periodic Table, which is the alkali metals group.Sodium is highly reactive. The pure metal is stored in oil or kerosene because it spontaneously ignites in water. Sodium metal also floats on water.At room temperature, sodium metal is soft enough that you can cut it with a butter knife.Sodium is an essential element in animal nutrition. In humans, sodium is important for maintaining fluid balance in the cells and throughout the body, while the electric potential maintained by sodium ions is critical for nerve function.Sodium and its compounds are used for food preservation, for cooling nuclear reactors, in sodium vapor lamps, for purifying and refining other elements and compounds, and as a desiccant.There is only one stable isotope of sodium: 23Na.The symbol for sodium is Na, which comes from the Latin natrium or Arabic natrun or a similar-sounding Egyptian word, all referring to soda or sodium carbonate.Sodium is an abundan t element. Its found in the sun and many other stars. It is the sixth most abundant element on Earth, comprising about 2.6 percent of the earths crust. It is the most abundant alkali metal. Although its too reactive to occur in pure elemental form, it is found in many minerals, including halite, cryolite, soda niter, zeolite, amphibole, and sodalite. The most common sodium mineral is halite or sodium chloride salt.Sodium was first commercially produced by thermal reduction of sodium carbonate with carbon at 1,100 Ã °C, in the Deville process. Pure sodium may be obtained by electrolysis of molten sodium chloride. It may also be produced by the thermal decomposition of sodium azide.